Fortified city of Kotor
NOMINATED COMPONENT PART
Since ancient times, the Boka Bay has been a geographical area of strategic importance with an exceptional geo-morphological conformation: the three mutually connected bays – Herceg Novi, Tivat and Kotor – form one of the most safe natural harbours in the world.
Along a coastline of about one hundred kilometres alternating headlands and bays that define a peculiar landscape characterized by the alternation of water and land where the human component and the natural one intersects forming a mountain and sea mixed and jagged ensemble.
It is in this context that places the fortified city of Kotor, the most important outpost of the Strait, which remained in the hands
of the Venetians for more than three centuries.
The walled city of Kotor, corresponding to the historic centre,
is selected as nominated property.
The perimeter goes through the defensive wall above sea level, it is on the river side Skurda, both towards the sea, then climbing on the impending mountain behind him, moving from platform to platform and reaching the highest point of control: Castle of San Giovanni.
PROTECTION AND BUFFER ZONE
The nominated property is protected by Article 1 of the Law on Protection of Cultural Monuments and Natural Rarities.
The buffer zone selected, includes, running from west clockwise the whole coastal area between sea and selected component. Across the Skurda river, the buffer zone includes the Park Sloboda and runs eastward along the channel, towards the mountain, following the small river until it crosses the municipal border. Following southward the aforementioned border, the buffer zone border crosses a natural split, and runs westward until it reaches the southern part of Kotor town. Here the buffer includes a small part of Kotor town and the ancient roman settlement, in order to reach the coastline again. The buffer zone is a protected surrounding to the old town, which is addressed with the existing planning documents, the Urban Plans.